Gabon

In-depth country-focused analysis on Gabon's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight

Gabon

Our comprehensive assessment of Gabon's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Gabon, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Gabon's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Gabon before your competitors.

Country Risk

Gabon Country Risk

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CORE VIEWS

  • Annual real GDP growth in Benin will average 5.0% between 2014 and 2023 as consumer spending increases and the country's political stability engenders elevated levels of fixed investment. Nevertheless, a sporadic electricity supply and reliance on cotton production will hold back the pace of economic development.

  • Benin's political landscape shows little sign of fragility, and will remain one of the most stable, open and accountable in West Africa in the years ahead, enjoined by a free press and a multitude of political parties. Nevertheless, the country faces challenges in the long term such as an overspill of violence from piracy and terrorist activity in the region, and the potential for tribal/ethnic schisms to open.

KEY RISKS TO OUTLK

  • There have...

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Gabon Country Risk

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Core Views

  • The debate over a possible change to the national constitution, which would allow President Denis Sassou-Nguesso to run for a third term, has polarised Congo-Brazzaville at the start of 2015 and will heighten political tensions in the run up to next year's elections.

  • The economic outlook for Congo-Brazzaville remains broadly positive, though the slump in oil and iron ore prices will have an impact on short-term macroeconomic fundamentals.

Long Term Views

  • President Denis Sassou-Nguesso will reform his country's constitution in order to run for another term in elections scheduled for 2016. The move will prove controversial, raising political tensions in Congo-Brazzaville. Even so, we see little threat to the current government's control over the...

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Gabon Industry Coverage (6)

Autos

Gabon Autos

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After suffering a contraction in 2014, we forecast a recovery in the auto market in 2015 as the government audit comes to an end. However, growth in vehicle sales will be tempered by the oil price decline, which will affect government and consumer spending.

Firstly, lower oil prices will reduce government income, which will have a knock on effect for a sector reliant on government sales. As we previously pointed out during the audit, the biggest impact will come in the SUV and pick-up segments, which are the most popular, especially for government sale, due to their suitability for the poor state of the roads. In 2013, the two segments combined accounted for around 75% of the total new vehicle market and so any hit to these segments will be the biggest driver of the overall market's performance.

Added to the lower prices is the disruption in the oil sector, and fuel shortages, caused by strikes at the end of...

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Food & Drink

Gabon Food & Drink

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The drop in oil prices has prompted us to revise down our forecast for economic growth in Gabon in 2015 to 4.9%, from a previous 5.5%. This is based on an expectation of lower government consumption and export income as a result of lower oil revenues. We have also revised our forecast for 2016 to 5.3%, from 5.6%, for the same reason. In addition to moderately lower growth, we expect the country's macroeconomic health to deteriorate sharply in 2015, and with risks remaining elevated over the medium term. We stress that government targets of transforming the country into a major economic centre by 2025 remain unreasonably optimistic. Gabon's small workforce, limited domestic market and opaque business environment will all pose obstacles to economic diversification.

Additionally, the country's small population, relative to its regional peers, will continue to weigh on food and drink industry prospects.

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Infrastructure

Gabon Infrastructure

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BMI View: Mounting fiscal pressure is undermining the government's ambitious investment plans, while lower growth prospects have dissuaded investors from committing funds to new infrastructure projects. A combination of falling oil revenues, from lower production and prices and higher social spending has pushed the government's fiscal balance into deficit, with infrastructure investment likely to be hit. We have reduced our infrastructure growth forecasts, although we remain positive over the five-year horizon.

The small size of Gabon's construction industry, combined with a number of large projects, should sustain growth over our five-year forecast period. However, growth will remain far below potential. Numerous problems that need to be overcome to secure investment, including improving flows of capital from the government into projects, addressing deep-rooted...

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Oil & Gas

Gabon Oil & Gas

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BMI View: The outlook on Gabon's upstream sector is relatively bearish, as maturing oilfields and a lack of new production push output into terminal decline. However, shallow water pre-salt developments offer substantial upside risk, in the second half of our forecast period. Deepwater pre-salt exploration remains highly prospective, although may feel strain in a lower oil price environment. We expect little growth in the upstream gas sector, due to the lack of export options and limited demand domestically.

Headline Forecasts (Gabon 2013-2019)
2013e 2014e ...

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Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Gabon Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

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BMI View: Gabon's reliance on importing its pharmaceuticals will continue over the long-term with seemingly little interest from international drugmakers to manufacture locally. Gabon's domestic pharmaceutical manufacturing scene is very basic, with manufacturers unable to supply the demands of the population.

Headline Expenditure Forecasts

  • Pharmaceuticals: XAF50.94bn (USD104mn) in 2014 to XAF54.14bn (USD91mn) in 2015; +6.3% in local currency and -12.7% in US dollar terms. Forecast unchanged from Q215 in local currency terms but revised downwards in US dollar terms.

  • Healthcare: XAF410.36bn (USD840mn) in 2014 to XAF456.18bn (USD765mn) in 2015; +11.2% in local currency and -8.7% in US dollar terms. ...

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Telecommunications

Gabon Telecommunications

Latest Gabon Articles

  • The recent oil price rally has overshot the extent of the bullish shift in ...

  • We forecast global real GDP growth of 3.0% in 2015, a rise from the 2012-14...

  • Rising political instability in the run-up to the 2016 presidential electio...

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