In-depth country-focused analysis on Sweden's economic, political and operational risk environment, complemented by detailed sector insight


Our comprehensive assessment of Sweden's operating environment and the outlook for its leading sectors are formed by bringing together a wealth of data on global markets that affect Sweden, as well as the latest industry developments that could impact Sweden's industries. This unique integrated approach has given us an impeccable track-record for predicting important shifts in the markets, ensuring you’re aware of the latest market opportunities and risks in Sweden before your competitors.

Country Risk

Sweden Country Risk

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Core Views

  • Sweden's status as an open trade-oriented economy means that its growth prospects will depend heavily upon a continued recovery in the rest of Europe.

  • The coalition government led by the Social Democrats that was elected in September 2014 is in a precarious position due to its minority status in parliament, as highlighted by the defeat of the government's budget in December that nearly led to a snap election in March 2015.

  • Interest rates will remain low through 2016 as the central bank (Riksbank) will maintain a negative policy rate and disinflationary conditions will persist.

Major Forecast Changes

  • We have raised our forecast for real GDP growth in 2015 to 2.7% from 2.4% previously. For 2016, we have downgraded our...

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Sweden Industry Coverage (11)


Sweden Autos

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BMI View: BMI maintains a bullish view on vehicle sales in Sweden, based on a strong rebound from pent-up demand following sustained declines in recent years, and a broad recovery in the economy. The primary driver of this growth is the passenger car segment, which we expect to increase 1.5% in 2015. We also expect to see a strong recovery in the country's commercial vehicle segment, and we forecast a 6.1% over the year.

We expect this strong growth to continue into 2015, and we forecast 2.1% growth in total vehicle sales. The moderation in the rate of increase comes from higher base effects following the surge in sales volumes in 2015.


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Food & Drink

Sweden Food & Drink

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BMI View: Boasting a consumer base of 25mn with some of the strongest purchasing power in the world and offering a favourable business and regulatory environment, the four Nordic markets potentially hold lots of attractive investment opportunities. That said, we note limited opportunities for growth as the economic and demographic outlook remains relatively grim and the food and drink markets are highly concentrated, thus presenting significant challenges for new entrants.

Key Forecasts


  • Food consumption (local currency) growth year-on-year (y-o-y) in 2015: +3.6%; compound annual growth rate (CAGR) 2014-2019: +4.5%

  • ...

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Information Technology

Sweden Information Technology

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BMI View: Due to maturity, Swedish IT market growth will be slower than some of the other markets in the region, but nonetheless BMI forecasts compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.1% over 2014-2019 for the sector. The market will remain highly lucrative and there are many positives including a strong local system of software firms and the coverage and capacity of supporting data network infrastructure. Meanwhile, we identify data centres, cloud computing and real-time business software and services as medium-term growth trends in Sweden. We also highlight the potential for Sweden to be a leading adopter of labour saving smart automation and assistant technologies as a result of high labour...

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Sweden Infrastructure

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BMI View: Sweden overshot our already generous 2014 construction industry growth forecast of 9.5% by posting 10.1% for the year. We now expect to see lower but still very healthy growth of 6.3% in 2015 as the sector continues to benefit from a robust residential infrastructure market and healthy fixed investment. Throughout the remainder of the forecast period, growth is expected to be more subdued at an average annual rate of 2.6% as Sweden's economic outlook is impacted by weak demand from the eurozone and housing investment cools from its current 'highly-heated...

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Sweden Insurance

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BMI View: Sweden's insurance market is one of the most developed in Europe. It is also one of the most mature markets, with penetration and density both high relative to other Western European countries. The insurance market has remained relatively resilient to the effect of the global economic crisis, particular in the case of the life insurance segment which remains supported by the country's extremely high household savings rate. The insurance market as a whole has proved a happy hunting ground for both local and multinational insurers, while there has been increasing cross-over from other financial services...

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Medical Devices

Sweden Medical Devices

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BMI Industry View: The medical device market is expected to experience moderate growth in local currency terms over the forecast period but growth in US dollar terms will be constrained by a depreciation of the Swedish krona against the US dollar. Although Sweden has a strong medical device manufacturing industry including a number of major international companies, the majority of domestically produced medical devices are exported, leaving the domestic market heavily dependent on imports.

Headline Industry Forecasts

  • The medical device market in 2013 was estimated at USD2,541.1mn, equal to USD265 per capita, and equivalent to 4.8% of total health expenditure, 0.4% of GDP and 0.7...

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Sweden Metals

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BMI View : The recent financial results reported by Sweden's largest steel producer, SSAB , are further evidence of an improving operating environment. After six consecutive quarters of negative results, the company returned to profitability in the first quarter of 2014 and has since shown further improvement in terms of its financial performance. The producer reported sales of SEK13.31bn (USD1.81bn) in Q314, up from SEK8.7bn (USD) in Q313. The firm posted operating profit, excluding items affecting comparability, of SEK510mn (USD69.31mn), operating cash flow of SEK77mn (USD10.46mn) and EBITDA of SEK1.25bn (USD169.86mn) in the reported quarter. 

The recovery in SSAB's financial performance chimes with the stabilisation in Sweden's overall steel production volumes following the significant fluctuation...

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Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

Sweden Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare

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BMI View: Private healthcare providers are to face an increasingly challenging business environment in Sweden. In October 2014, the newly elected government reached an agreement on initiatives aimed at imposing further restrictions on private companies engaged in publicly funded healthcare, care and educational services - and, as part of that limit, their right to distribute profits. This may result in reduced private investment in the country's healthcare sector and may potentially result in diminished innovation as well as capacity problems. In April 2015, the first regional council ordered its officials to find ways to limit the profits private companies can reap from running publicly-funded health services.

Headline Expenditure Projections

  • Pharmaceuticals: SEK36.41bn (USD5.31bn) in 2014 to SEK36.62bn (...

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Sweden Power

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BMI View: Our fundamental assumptions for Denmark, Finland and Sweden continue to be relevant. We maintain our long-held view that, while growth expectations in the region are improving, economic woes in the eurozone remain a major risk factor for the consumption and generation outlook of the three Nordic countries, as more regional instability could undermine their economic activity. In terms of sector trends, we note Denmark appears to be losing its energy self-sufficient status...

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Sweden Renewables

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BMI View: This quarter we have extended our forecast to 2024. This notwithstanding, our projections for non-hydropower renewable energy generation in Denmark, Finland and Sweden are largely unchanged, as our fundamental assumption for the Nordic markets considered in the report remain unvaried. Key projects in the region continue to progress in line with our expectations, with Denmark's progressive loss of its energy self-sufficient status likely to lead the country to a greater focus on the prompt development of renewables. We also note that Sweden's possible phase-out of nuclear energy could jeopardise the reliability of the system, while pushing the country towards a larger share of renewable generation.

Key Trends And Developments

  • The incoming Social Democrats and Green Party in Sweden have announced a coalition...

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Sweden Telecommunications

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